Growing hoya - wax ivy and ceropegia
Hoya or wax ivy in your apartment
Representatives of the gusset family have long and firmly settled in our homes. True, not everyone knows them "by sight" and by name. Their homeland is hot Africa, and the family got its name due to the similarity of the opened ripe fruit with ... the tail of a swallow.
The most common genus of this family is hoya, or waxen. In everyday life, fleshy hoya (x. Carnose), or wax ivy, is most often found. This plant is very resistant to home conditions: shade-tolerant, drought-resistant, tolerates dry room air quite successfully, while in fact it loves bright sun and spraying in summer.
Hoya is a magnificent liana with rough grayish shoots up to 10 cm long. Leaves are oblong-oval, grayish-green, opaque below; from above - dark green with rare silvery spots and specks, glossy, thick, fleshy, leathery, up to 10 cm long and 3-4 cm wide, with pointed ends.
Axillary inflorescences, up to 10 cm in diameter; flowers are white or pale-bodied, with a red or crimson star-shaped crown in the center, on shortly pubescent pedicels 2-4 cm long, collected in umbrellas of 14-18 pieces. The corolla of the flower is five-membered, up to 1.5 cm in diameter; corolla lobes wide, with curled edges and densely pubescent dorsally. Abundant flowering in spring and summer, each inflorescence is in dissolution for up to 10-14 days.
But the plant becomes ornamental already with the appearance of buds, which are just like flowers made of pinkish wax. Umbrellas with buds slowly increase in size, remaining closed, and suddenly, at some point, a sweetish spicy aroma fills the room - it means that the flowers have opened, and the blooming holiday has begun.
Interestingly, hoya flowers are formed on short axillary shoots, resembling fruit branches of apple trees, and also persist on plants for many years. Unlike apple trees, the same "flower twig" can bloom several times per season. Therefore, flower-bearing shoots should not be cut off, except for propagation by cuttings.
Long shoots of wax ivy along stretched cords can perfectly decorate walls and even ceilings (in the kitchen, for example).
It happens that the hoya does not bloom, thereby upsetting its owners. What is the reason? There may be several of them. First, the air temperature in winter is too high (above 14-16 ° C); secondly - excessive watering, which leads to decay of the roots and wrinkling of the succulent shiny leaves (they fade noticeably). But the main reason is the lack of sunlight, especially in the summer, when the shoots must ripen (assuming normal nutrition, of course). Like many other plants, hoya does not like changes in location, especially if the buds have already appeared (they can drop them before flowering).
So, fleshy hoya loves the sun, moderate watering, spraying in the morning and evening in summer, even air temperature in winter (13-14 ° C), relative humidity 60-65%, regular feeding. If these conditions are met, the plant lives for decades, becoming a relic of the house.
Hoya is propagated, as a rule, by cuttings, choosing a part of the shoot with 1-2 pairs of leaves, it is possible and longer. They are cut in spring and late summer, although rooting is possible throughout the year. If shoots with buds are rooted in April, young plants will bloom in the first year. When rooting vegetative shoots (without buds), flowering occurs in 2-3 years. It is important to know that the roots do not appear at the nodes, but between them, so the cuttings are cut below the node.
The optimum temperature for rooting is at least + 20 ° C. You can root in peat, sand, their mixture, or just in water. Since all crotch plants contain milky juice, freshly cut cuttings should be kept for some time in warm water until the juicing stops, and then placed in the indicated substrate or an opaque vessel with water to a depth of 2-3 cm.The roots are formed after 20-25 days, and young plants are planted in pots with a diameter of 9 cm. Soil mixture: turf, sand and compost soil (2: 1: 2).
Nowadays, special lands for ornamental plants (turf, leaf, heather, etc.) are rarely prepared. More often they just use garden or compost soil, mix it with purchased peat soil (micro-greenhouse, etc.) and sand, gravel or small expanded clay (3: 1: 1). Drainage from expanded clay at the bottom of the dishes is required. Rooted cuttings need warmth (16-18 ° C) and a light shade, then, after 2-3 weeks, you can lower the air temperature or move them to a cooler and brighter place.
Young plants grow rapidly and require annual replanting. Adult specimens are transplanted, or rather, transferred (without breaking the coma) into larger containers after three years. Top dressing with full mineral fertilizer is carried out once every two weeks, any fertilizer for flowering plants is suitable for this - "Uniflor-Bud", 1 cap for 2 liters of water, "Kemira flower" - in a scattering of several granules on a flower pot, etc.
Top dressing begins with the appearance of young leaves in spring and until September. With a weak growth of hoya, complete fertilization is alternated with a nitrogen solution (1 g of urea per 1 liter of water or "Uniflor-growth", 1 cap per 2 liters of water). Watering and spraying is carried out only with warm settled water. At the end of flowering, in the fall, the hoya begins a period of partial dormancy, while watering is reduced, but the lump is not brought to dryness.
To stimulate flowering in the old days, the following method was used: the aboveground part of the plant was immersed in warm (35 ° C) water for 30 minutes, and a clod of earth - for 2 hours (in spring and autumn).
Rarely in culture, there is long-leaved hoya (x. Longifolia) - a shrub from East Asia with narrow lanceolate, slightly concave leaves up to 14 cm long, succulent, dark green. At first glance, the leaves of this type of hoya resemble hanging bean pods, while the bush with dense climbing stems is decorated with umbrellas smaller than those of the hoya carnosa, white flowers with a crimson or purple center. The diameter of an individual flower is 0.5-0.8 cm, inflorescences are 3-4 cm; the umbrella contains 10-12 delicately fragrant, widely open pubescent flowers.
Hoya long-leaved blooms from May throughout the summer on the shoots of two years of age, so it is not recommended to cut the shoots. This species grows slowly. It prefers an even air temperature of 14-16 ° C and very careful watering in winter (like a succulent, it does not tolerate waterlogging), a relative humidity of 65-70%. In summer, watering should be moderate.
For the ripening of shoots and full flowering in summer, long-leaved hoya requires bright sunlight. Care is needed the same as for fleshy hoya. Propagated by cuttings and grafting on strong perennial specimens of fleshy hoya. This species is used as a liana and an ampelous plant in the interior.
The most graceful type of hoya is considered to be a beautiful hoya (H. bella), originally from East Asia. Succulent plant with thin ampelous shoots up to 5 cm long, opposite thickened ovate-lanceolate leaves with pointed ends. Flowers in umbrellas 3-4 cm in diameter, 8-10 pieces, 0.5 cm in diameter, white, waxy, fluffy inside, with a purple center, exude a light spicy aroma. Inflorescences are formed at the ends of the shoots, so it is not recommended to pinch them. Blooms from May during the summer.
The beautiful hoya grows very slowly. Propagated by cuttings and grafting. The succulent nature of the plant requires moderate watering in summer and very careful in winter, when the best air temperature for keeping is 16-18 ° C. A beautiful hoya transplant does not tolerate well, so it is rarely transplanted. The volume of the pot should be large, but the drainage must certainly be good.
To maintain abundant flowering, a sunny location and frequent (once every 7-10 days) feeding with a weak solution of complete fertilizer for flowering plants is required. Spraying with warm water is helpful. Used in rooms, offices as an ampelous plant.
Cultivation of ceropegia
One of the rarely found in culture and especially exquisite plants of the Grimaceae family is ceropegia (its homeland is tropical and southern Africa, the Canary Islands, India, where there are 200 species). The most common Wood's ceropegia is a herbaceous indoor succulent plant with thin filamentous stems up to 2.5 m long. Ceropegia forms small globular tubers up to 2 cm in diameter underground and on stems that root well together with stem segments. Leaves are round-cordate, up to 2 cm wide, opposite on small petioles; on the upper side, the color is reddish-violet.
The flowers of the ceropegia have an unusual shape, reminiscent of horizontally suspended miniature jugs, strewn from the inside with silky fibers of a dark brown color with a purple tint. Flowers are located in the axils of the leaves, tubular, up to 4 cm long with a swollen pink-purple base. Blooms in summer.
The soil mixture for transplanting consists of deciduous and sod land with the obligatory addition of crushed brick or fine expanded clay. At the bottom of a small pot or bowl, drainage is certainly laid. Ceropegia is transplanted and cuttings in the spring. For reproduction, stem cuttings with air nodules are taken and rooted in a distribution greenhouse in a sand and peat-sand mixture with bottom heating. You can pin the nodule to the substrate using wooden sticks without completely burying it. Rooting takes up to 1.5 months without bottom heating.
In summer, watering of ceropegia should be moderate, in winter - poor, the air temperature is not lower than + 13 ° C. Photophilous, tolerates partial shade. Ceropegia is used to decorate the interior as an ampelous plant.
The genus of stapelia, known for the largest flowers in the plant world and the most unpleasant odor, which is so fond of the flies that pollinate these plants, belongs to the gusset family. It is unlikely that there are many lovers of such exoticism in the house, although there certainly are.
The most elegant of the indoor plants of the Grimaceae family may well be considered to be Stephanotis profusely flowering, or Madagascar jasmine (homeland is the island of Madagascar). Now such rare plants are more and more often sold in flower shops, at exhibitions. It is indeed a very attractive evergreen climbing vine with a woody stem and dark green leathery shiny, oblong-oval opposite leaves with a light central vein.
The flowers are numerous, up to 6 cm in diameter, fragrant, tubular, white, collected in loose racemose inflorescences of 5-7 pieces. Inflorescences grow from the leaf axils. Stefanotis blooms in summer. Needs supports and bright lighting. In winter, the air temperature should be at least 16-18 ° C, the relative humidity of the air - 75-80%.
The soil mixture requires slightly acidic, loose, nutritious. A transplant is needed annually, watering is abundant from the beginning of spring growth in March to October. In winter, stephanotis is watered sparingly. During the growth period, spraying with warm water is useful, but not over the flowers. During flowering, it is better to humidify the air using bowls of water or wet expanded clay, on which you can put a pot with a plant. Considering the abundance of flowering stephanotis, regular feeding with complex fertilizer for flowering plants is required ("Uniflor-bud", 1 cap for 2 liters of water - once every 7-10 days).
Stephanotis is propagated by cuttings of last year's shoots, moderately pruning the stems in January-February. The substrate for grafting is a mixture of river coarse sand, peat and garden soil. Rooting is carried out under a glass or film shelter with bottom heating. Rooted cuttings are pinched and transferred to a large bowl in the middle of summer.
Thus, hoyi, ceropegia and stephanotis are of great value for decorating interiors and offices, allowing you to arrange vertical, horizontal, bush and ampel gardening for many years without requiring complex maintenance.
E. Kuzmina, agronomist
Other types of hoya with photos and names
Below are other types of hoya with photos, names and descriptions.
Hoya multicolor – H. multiflora with pale yellow flowers is not very popular, and the southern hoya - N. austral is generally difficult to find in flower shops.
Hoya long-leaved (N. longifolia) is native to East Asia. Slow-growing form, likes intense lighting. The leaves are long, lanceolate.
Pay attention to the photo of this kind of room hoya - its flowers are small, white-cream, with a strong pleasant aroma:
H. imperialis Lindl. - P. in. majestic. Climbing plants or shrubs. Pubescent shoots. Leaves are oval-oblong, up to 20 cm long, rounded at the base of the plate, short-pointed at the apex, smooth, leathery. The petiole is pubescent, large, 5-7 cm long. Flowers of 6-10 in hanging umbrellas, dark red, greenish-yellow outside the crown is shortly pubescent, with star-shaped petals, on short pubescent pedicels with a pleasant aroma. It grows in the forests of the Malacca Peninsula.
H. multiflora (Decne.) Bl. - P. in. multi-flowered. Climbing plants. Leaves are oblong-linear. Grows in the forests of Malaysia.
As you can see in the photo of the hoya plant of this species, its flowers are numerous, collected in umbrellas, yellow petals, narrow crown with arcuate spurs:
Evergreen liana reaches a maximum of 6 m at home. Young shoots without leaves have a brown color with a purple tint. When leaves and air roots appear, they turn green, and after a while they turn woody.
Leathery leaves are moderately fleshy, as if covered with wax, with small grayish dots. Hoya species differ in different sizes and color of foliage shades. With age, shiny leaves become dull. They are oval or heart-shaped.
Flowers are collected in umbrellas, which sometimes number up to 50 pieces. The flowers have 5 round petals. Each flower is 1 or 2 cm in diameter. Velvety flowers are distinguished by white, greenish or brownish colors. The flower bud lasts up to 3 weeks. Then a new flower is formed in its place. Hoya begins to bloom in the last decade of May and continues to delight others until mid-autumn.
When wax ivy blooms, nectar is released: Hoya belongs to honey plants. The flower has a pronounced pleasant aroma. It is safe and does not belong to the poison ivy group. Culture does not inhibit the development of other plants in the home.
According to psychics, wax ivy with its energy reduces aggression and competition between everyone with whom it is in the neighborhood. Therefore, Hoya is in demand in offices to create a favorable work environment. Occasionally, the fragrant aroma of a flower is the cause of a headache. An allergic reaction is possible upon contact with wax ivy in people with hypersensitivity. Cultivation of Hoya will bring a lot of pleasure and comfort to the florists in the apartment.
How the plant reproduces
For flower propagation, you can use cuttings, cuttings or plant seeds.
Propagation by cuttings is the most reliable way. It should have several buds and leaves in order for the cutting to take root quickly. Planting material should be cut in the autumn months.
The stalk should be placed in water or sand. In order for the stalk to take root as soon as possible, it is necessary to stimulate the growth of the root system with biostimulants.Reproduction using seeds does not always give the desired result, since they do not always germinate.
Hoya. Wax ivy
An unusually beautiful climbing plant with an unusually bright color - hoya (wax ivy) has become widespread not only in Russia, but throughout the world. For some reason, employees of small government organizations fell in love with this plant and began to decorate their institutions with this vine everywhere.
Perhaps everyone has noticed the whips of the plant at post offices, savings banks, and others trying to survive. But not everyone saw how beautiful the flowering and aroma of this beauty are, because this flower requires a special approach to itself. With proper and very simple care, the hoya will certainly thank you with beautiful, like wax flowers. Hoya will bloom for a long time, about six months. The rules for caring for her are very simple.
The capricious beauty loves comfortable, warm weather (in the summer time +25, and in the winter and autumn seasons up to +15 degrees), although she can easily endure the heat. In summer, wax ivy can be planted outdoors.
Loves ivy and light. The plant can tolerate exposure to direct sunlight, but when burned, the leaves lose their natural color and become faded and yellowish, which will negatively affect not only the aesthetic qualities, but also the health of the ivy itself. Lack of light will also not affect the plant in the best way - the flowers will begin to fall off.
The most suitable place for hoi is the windows located to the east or west. Plants after wintering (like those that stood in the shade) should not be sharply exposed to the sun. Such a plant must first be taught to sunlight in order to avoid burns. It is also not worthwhile to completely isolate the hoya from the sun's rays, because for the formation of buds, the plant must receive a considerable amount of light. If you are not getting enough color, you should not expect to see amazingly beautiful flowers.
If the windows on which the capricious beauty is located are sufficiently lit, then the hoya flowers will delight until autumn. After all, it is good lighting that leads to the formation of flowers and their buds. After the flower buds have appeared, in order to avoid the fall of flowers, any movement of the plant is prohibited.
Watering is no less important for the normal functioning of the flower. From early spring to late autumn, hoya needs generous watering. Watering is done as the clod dries out. In winter, hoya is watered a couple of days after it dries, and sometimes less often. If the watering was insufficient, the plant will not bloom either, due to the fact that all the flower's strength will be spent on the restoration of dead roots.
Bathing the flower is equally important. The washing procedure is performed in the spring and autumn seasons. You can bathe the plant in summer. But bathing hoii during the flowering period (in summer) must be done very carefully, or not at all. The flower, together with the pot, is lowered into warm (40 degrees) water. After 40 minutes, the flower is removed from the water. The pot is removed after 1.5 hours. Bathing not only perfectly hardens the plant, but also speeds up the flowering period. When performing any water procedures, you need to use only settled water.
For fertilizing with mineral fertilizers, the most suitable is the spring-summer season.
Hoya transplantation is an equally important step. The young plant is replanted annually in the spring. An adult hoya needs a transplant every three years. To transplant a plant, it is imperative to use a new pot, and not the one in which any other plant was grown. But in any case, the new pot must be thoroughly washed before transplanting.
To wash dishes and utensils, use a detergent without harmful additives, such as chlorine, etc. A mature plant needs to be replanted every three years. Neutral or slightly acidic soil is most comfortable for wax ivy. It is not worth spending a lot of time and effort on preparing a soil mixture that is comfortable for hoya, which has a complex composition (1 part of leaf and humus soil + 2 parts of clay-sod). Because garden land is also suitable for this beauty. Drainage is also very beneficial for the normal functioning of the plant.
Reproduction of the plant will take a little time. In addition, it is quite easy to propagate hoya. Despite the fact that the plant will take root at any time of the year, it is more easily given to her in the spring. Hoya cuttings prepared for planting, with a couple or two of leaves, are placed in the soil (2 parts of peat and 1 part of sand) or in water.
To obtain flowers in the same year, the hoyu is planted with stems, which are slightly incised (annular incision). Then the places of the incision are surrounded by moist moss. To avoid moisture loss, cover the moss with polyethylene. After the roots have sprouted, the plant can be planted. Lovers of dense and fluffy plants can plant at least 3 rooted cuttings in a pot.
Home care photo, is it possible to keep a hoyu at home
Wax ivy has a name known to most gardeners - hoya. The flower is so popular that sometimes you can buy it not in the horticultural department, but in a souvenir shop.
This, of course, is not a large liana, but only, shortened leaves of the Hoya Kerry, similar to green hearts with roots in the ground. They are very popular and original as a gift for Valentine's Day.
Description and characteristics
Lustonium subshrub plants with climbing vines include an interesting type of hoyu.
Such an unusual name was given to the flower by the name of the gardener, who was the first to master the intricacies of caring for an exotic handsome man. This man's name was Thomas Hoya.
The plant is liana-like; in fast-growing representatives, the stem can reach ten meters in length. Wax ivy is a very popular variety for household cultivation. The stems are adorned with airy roots and fleshy shiny leaves.
Interesting fact. At the very beginning of growth, the vine is soft and obedient, but with age it begins to grow stiff and will be very reluctant to change its shape.
Hoya attracts the attention of gardeners not only with beautiful leaves, but also with flowers similar to snow-white or pink stars with a delicate aroma, collected in spherical baskets. In the central part of the flower, you can see a kind of decoration in the form of a crown of a bright or dark shade.
During flowering, the plant should not be disturbed, namely, to rearrange or unfold it. Such treatment will end with the discharge of buds and the lack of flowering during the warm period.
A distinctive feature inherent in this species is the presence of a delicate aroma at night. The plant will delight with its beauty all summer months and half of autumn. Fast-growing, unpretentious vines have become a familiar decoration of official institutions. But about the content of the hoya at home, there is no single answer.
Hoya flower wax ivy can you keep at home
Curious misconception. Many plants, according to legends, have mystical properties. This also applies to indoor ivy, which wraps around its fellows and deprives them of sunlight.
Here it is more appropriate to blame the careless florist who allowed the vines to thrive. It is common for indoor dwellers to create comfort and engage in the absorption of harmful substances. And many poisonous varieties, once on the window, acquire medicinal properties.
Ivy will not inhibit the growth of its fellows. However, proper care must be taken for the flower in order to prevent the disorderly growth of the vines, which will be able to catch on any roughness. Special supports are used to guide the stems.
The only contraindication for growing hoya is the presence of an allergic reaction to pollen. In all other respects, the ampelous plant can be classified as harmless. As you can see, the hoya flower is safe, but whether it is possible to keep it at home, you will make the decision.
Hoya species and varieties: photo
There are many varieties of indoor vines that are quite in demand by amateurs in home floriculture.
The fleshy and hoyu bella have recently been cultivated. In another way, the first grade is called potato, and the second is beautiful.
Meaty Hoya carnosa
Hoya carnosa wax ivy (photo). Hoya carnosa is an evergreen vine capable of reaching six meters in length. It is recommended to ensure normal growth of a flower by creating special supports. The leaves are quite hard to the touch, small in size, have the shape of ovals, in addition, they are interesting for their thickness and the presence of a waxy coating. On a dark green background there are specks of silver color, whose presence some people attribute to the manifestation of a particular disease, however, this is a normal natural color. Flowers with a delicate aroma are collected in white rosettes with an inner pink crown.
Hoya meaty home care loves simple. The plant has endurance, it is not afraid of overdried soil, the presence of high temperature indicators in the winter months, although it prefers coolness at this time of the year. It is not picky about the soil composition, it can grow in a shaded place, but for flowering it prefers a sunny area of the house.
The varieties of potatoes include several beautiful varieties:
- vegetative with dark green foliage and a thin beige-pink border. Called "Crimson Queen"
- tricolor or hoya tricolor. The variety is characterized by the presence of scarlet flowers and leaves of different colors. They are cream, pink, dark green. It is called "Exotic".
- Hoya compact with small leaves has a rather exotic appearance, which is given to it by leaves twisted like curls of lambs, which have different shapes.
The beautiful hoya belongs to strongly branching shrubs, with shoots hanging down, which makes the plant ampelous. For cultivation, as a rule, hanging pots and baskets are used. The leaves are lanceolate-ovate, for which the name is also given - lanceolate, are small in size. May be green or variegated, depending on the variety.
Because of the grace of the flower, the beautiful one can be considered a real natural masterpiece. The umbrella-shaped inflorescence is represented by snow-white flowers adorned with purple crowns. Unlike fleshy, it is a more thermophilic species. In winter, the temperature should not fall below the dash of +16 degrees and the plant has a very negative attitude to overflows. If you create all suitable conditions for it and provide it with proper lighting, it will definitely respond with year-round flowering to such care.
Hoya lacunosa lacunosa
Concave or pitted can be found in the form of an epiphyte, but in the room the plant takes on the form of a cascade due to densely growing wattle fences. The rhomboid leaves have curled edges, which gives the impression that it is rolled inward. The color of the shoots is brownish-red, and they end with dark green leaves reaching a length of 6 cm. Inflorescences of the umbrella type with light petals and a fleecy yellow core.
The multi-flowered variety Hoya multiflora is distinguished by narrow leaves up to 15-16 cm along which thin veins pass. The flowers are yellowish-white, and the outer star bends backward. Multiflora has a lemon scent, and the number of flowers in one inflorescence reaches 40 pieces.
Heart of Kerry Hoya kerrii
Most likely it can be called an original gift that will suit your loved one. Liana has leaves whose shape resembles a heart; it is these "hearts" that meet before the notorious holiday of love. Thanks to this structure, two more names appeared: "hoya in love", "valentine".
Hoya Kerry prefers intricate care at home. In order to prevent the pot from overturning for long lashes, you need to come up with a garter, otherwise they will simply turn the container over with their mass. The flower has fleshy leaves, which differ in size in length and width from 5 to 15 cm. The spherical umbrella collects 15 to 25 fluffy flowers. Interestingly, their color will depend on the light conditions in the room. The shades are varied: from pale pink to lemon.
If you wish, you can set up an experiment and move the plant from the window, and then a different shade of flowers will appear, and if you return it back, the color will change again. In old vines, a large amount of nectar is secreted, which has the peculiarity of coloring the petals. They will initially be pink, then red, and then brown.
Hoya regal Hoya imperialis
Curly lianas with fluffy shoots and flower stalks are called the majestic hoya. Smooth, leathery leaves are oval near the petiole, and sharpened near the apex. The length can be from 15 to 20 cm. The beauty of flowers fully justifies the specific name. They are large in size, purple with light greens on the outer petals and endowed with a pleasant, sweet scent. The beginning of the appearance of flowers with fluffy crowns in Imperialis falls on June. The garden form of Rausch is of great interest, here the color of the flowers is fiery red.
South Hoya australis
In the southern variety, the length of the shoots reaches six meters in size, and at the same time, after some time, they begin to lignify.
The plant has rounded, shiny, leathery leaves, reaching 8 cm in length and 5 cm in width.
The inflorescence is a small umbrella which includes about 25 fragrant flowers. The petals are white, and the base is crimson with a white crown.
Shiny petals are slightly pubescent, and with prolonged flowering, they begin to bend back along the edges. The appearance of flowers occurs in October.
Long-leaved Hoya longifolia
As an epiphytic dwarf shrub, you can meet a long-leaved beauty in nature. The plant has lanceolate leathery leaves with sharp tops and thin curling shoots. The length of the first is about 18 cm, and the width does not exceed 1 cm. The color of small flowers is light, the outer side of the petals is pubescent. The color of the crown is white, but the central part is carmine.
Video review of varieties and types of hoya:
Hoya home care
The beauty does not need an annual transplant; this can be done once every couple of years.
The plant needs special soil, and therefore it is recommended to transplant immediately after purchase. In addition, often in specialized stores, ivy could be given a stimulating top dressing so that it does not lose its shape.
- have good water permeability
- the soil is neutral or slightly acidic.
There is an opinion that high-quality garden soil with the addition of sand is suitable for ivy. It is advisable to disinfect it before planting in order to protect yourself from problems with infection.
But still, the best solution would be to prepare a mixture of the following composition:
- leafy soil is twice the size of the other ingredients.
Light Mode Requirements
In a shaded place, green parts will grow beautifully, but light will be needed for flowering, because Wax ivy is a light-dependent creature.
In order to properly grow this or that species, it is necessary individually, each to prepare a bright area. It is necessary not to forget to take care of protection from direct sunlight with the onset of summer, but at the same time to prevent shading. The most ideal place would be a window facing east or west.In the first winter month, the pot can be moved to the southern room, but the plant that remains in place will not suffer either. A sharp increase in light activity in spring can harm the beauty, therefore it is recommended to gradually adapt it to new conditions.
Important! The plant does not tolerate permutation to another place during the formation of buds and the entire period until half of flowering.
Correctly selected temperature regime
It is not so difficult to find a comfortable temperature for a room vine. Liana will feel great at average room rates. Extreme heat is also not a hindrance to her, but it is best if the thermometer mark is at + 18 - + 20 degrees.
Year-round cultivation can be carried out indoors, but when November comes, it is recommended to lower the temperature by a couple of degrees and leave it there until February... The minimum allowable value for creepers +12 - +15 degrees is suitable for most species. But hoya bella will require +18.
Do not deprive the plant of fresh air. A room with vines should be regularly ventilated. It is not worth taking a flower to a balcony or loggia. If it is winter outside, you must remember to protect it from cold air masses.
How to water and fertilize
Liana will need watering as soon as the soil dries up, the permissible depth of soil drying is up to 3 cm. In the summer months, one watering is done every 7 days, and with the onset of winter, they switch to 1 every two weeks. For irrigation, it is recommended to use settled water at room temperature.
- It is recommended to spray the vines, but avoid getting water on the flower petals, the plant will only be grateful for the increased humidity.
- You can bathe the vine under a warm shower, and not only be limited to periodically wiping the leaves with a damp cloth.
Hoya is a large plant, but it does not need frequent feeding. It is recommended to use complex universal products that include nitrogenous, phosphorus and potassium components.
What you need to know about hoya breeding
The methods here are the most familiar to any plant lover:
People who are engaged in ornamental gardening most often use cuttings. In order for the stalk to take root well, you will need sandy-peat soil. Abundant watering and temperatures above +20 degrees will lead to the early formation of roots, on average it is 21 - 28 days.
Why does hoya not bloom at home?
Note to the florist... When keeping hoya bella indoors, it is recommended to force the plant to produce flowers.
The development of buds is guaranteed by nature itself, but to obtain lush flowering there are some tricks that are very important if in winter it was not possible to lower the temperature.
The process can be stimulated as follows. When active growth begins, the vine needs to be immersed in warm water with an indicator of +34 - +36 degrees.
- some soak only the root pot for 120 minutes
- someone wets the liana entirely, then the plant needs to be kept in water for half an hour
You can increase the light regime, for example, introduce artificial lighting - this is also one of the ways to stimulate abundant flowering.
How to trim
Important! In any type of hoya, it is strictly forbidden to touch the peduncles, which serve to form inflorescences. They are not pruned, they must not be cut off categorically even after flowering. This is due to the fact that it is from the old peduncles that the formation of buds will begin in the next season. If pruning occurs, the flowers will not appear for a very long time.
With regards to the rest of the shoots, they are curled near the supporting materials or shortened after flowering has passed. The formation of the plant occurs at the request of the florist: excessively elongated branches that are losing their attractiveness are pinched or cut off a little, some are shortened by half the length.
About diseases and pests
Hoye pests are terrible only if improper care is carried out or the good conditions for the existence of a flower are violated. Liana seems tempting to scabbards.
The way to combat them is the use of mechanical flushing and insecticidal preparations. When powdery mildew appears, a set of measures is applied - the moisture index is adjusted and the treatment is performed with fungicidal agents.
What problems can a hoi owner face?
- buds fall off if the pot was moved to another room
- leaves become stained with a lack of lighting, when exposed to direct sunlight, an abundance of dressings, watering with not too warm water
- the plant does not give flowers in poor light, depletion of the soil, if the winter regime is not observed and if the peduncles have been cut off
- too dry air leads to shedding of foliage
- the leaves dry, curl and dry at low temperatures and under the influence of direct sunlight
- flowers fall if there is a change in the location of the pot and if the vines do not have enough light
- growth slows down, leaves turn pale in case of a lack of nitrogen.
The following conclusions can be drawn. That it is possible to grow hoya at home, and if, according to the recommendations, you take care of the beauty, then the flowering will be long, lush and abundant.
There was also a question: why can't a hoya flower be grown at home? Also, there is nothing unambiguous, everyone decides for himself to believe the prejudices that accompany wax ivy or not.
Wax ivy breeding video:
Hoya is beautiful
At one time I was fond of non-flowering house plants. I grew Tradescantia, aloe, ivy, dieffenbachia, monstera, admired the lush greenery and was happy with it.
The neighbor cut off her hoya and brought me three tails. I stuck the shoot into the ground, put the pot in the corner of the windowsill so that its whips would not interfere with other flowers. So he grew up. And now, after a couple of years, he, somehow imperceptibly and completely unexpected for me, released the buds! To be honest, I didn't even know that hoya was blooming. What a beauty it is! And how she smells at night.
Description of the plant
Hoya is a tropical evergreen liana, reaching a length of several meters. It owes its name to the English gardener Thomas Hoy, who was in the service of the Duke of Northumberland and looked after his greenhouses. There are more than 300 varieties with different colors and shapes of leaves and flowers. In spring, the hoya is covered with bunches of "plush" flowers, exuding a pleasant aroma that intensifies at night. The leaves are elongated, dark green, sometimes with light blotches, dense and shiny, as if covered with wax. Therefore, it is called "wax vine". Hoya grows naturally in Asia, China, Australia.
Plant growing conditions
Planting, transplanting and reproduction
The plant propagates by cuttings that root well in water. Young hoya can be transplanted every year in spring, an adult plant no more than once every 3-4 years. If you want the hoya to grow and bloom faster, then choose a not very large pot for her. If she is at ease, she will go to the foliage. Long shoots can be cut off, leaving the buds.
Watering and feeding
Hoya requires abundant watering only during the growth and flowering period, which occurs in spring and summer. But there should be no stagnation of water in the ground, the water from the sump must be drained. In winter, watering is reduced to once every two weeks. It is advisable to defend water for irrigation.
The plant is fed during the flowering period, in winter it is not necessary. And if it is transplanted every year, then feeding is not required at all.
When the hoya blooms, it is not recommended to touch the buds, they may fall off. Do not remove dry inflorescences after flowering, new buds will appear in their place next year. In order for the liana to be lush, you need to form a crown by pinching the twigs when 3-4 leaves appear.
Hoya has a dormant period, it falls in the winter, during this period flower buds are formed.
Diseases and pests in hoya are the same as in other domestic plants. This is a scale insect, a spider mite, you need to fight them with the help of your usual insecticides.
There is an opinion that it is impossible to grow hoya in a house or apartment, that this plant is a vampire and sucks energy from a person, scares off men, brings quarrels into the house. Do not believe this nonsense! Hoya is a beautiful and caring plant. The only "inconvenience" is the strong nighttime scent of flowers, which allergy sufferers may not like, so do not keep the flower in bedrooms.