Description and characteristics of the early ripe tomato variety Caspar
Tomato Kaspar has rightfully become the favorite of many gardeners. The love of farmers for this variety is due to its fertility and unpretentious cultivation. This variety is considered the best for canning. Description and characteristics of this tomato are presented below.
Characteristics and description of the tomato variety Caspar
The Kaspar tomato variety was bred by Dutch breeders. It was entered into the Russian register in 2015. Caspar is an early ripening variety. It can grow both in a greenhouse and in open beds. The ripening period in greenhouses is 85-90 days, in open beds - 120 days. The bush is undersized.
The height of the bush does not exceed 90 centimeters. The leaves are large, light green in color, turning into darker tones. Fruits are elongated cylindrical at the end with a spout. Fruit weight 85-140 grams, has 3 seed chambers. The color of the ripe fruit is orange-red. The taste is sour, the skin of the fruit is dense, slightly rough. This variety has a high yield. From one bush, you can collect up to 2 kilograms of fruit.
Advantages and disadvantages
This tomato variety has the following advantages:
- unpretentious in cultivation;
- high yield;
- compact bush, does not require pinching;
- early ripening time;
- long fruiting period;
- ability to ripening;
- perfect fit for canning;
- does not crack;
- good transportability;
- a great marketable condition;
- sustainability to diseases and pests;
- versatility cultivation (greenhouses, open beds);
- various growing regions;
- long storage periods.
Along with the advantages, Kaspar also has disadvantages:
- rough skin... When applied to salads, it must be removed;
- subject top rot;
- necessity tying up.
Preparing seeds and soil for sowing
Before sowing, be sure to soak the seeds for 20 minutes in a 1% manganese solution for disinfection. Then rinse thoroughly under running water and lower for 5 hours in an ash solution prepared in this proportion:
- water - 1 liter;
- ash — 1 tablespoon.
It is better to take the soil for the growth of this variety from the garden, where cucumbers, onions, carrots were previously grown. Mix it in equal parts with peat and sifted river sand and add ash to normalize the acidity level. Sprinkle the soil with plenty of strong manganese solution for disinfection.
Sowing seeds and growing seedlings
Sowing must be carried out in the last days of March. Sow seeds in grooves, or holes to a depth of 0.7 cm with a distance of 2 cm from each other. Moisten the soil from a spray bottle, cover with polyethylene and take it to a dark room with a temperature of + 24-25 degrees. Polyethylene must be removed periodically to allow access to oxygen.
After 5-7 days, when the first shoots appear, remove the polyethylene and transfer the seedlings to a well-lit room. Reduce the temperature to 15 degrees. During the first days, it is necessary to organize additional round-the-clock lighting using fluorescent lamps. In the future, make sure that the daylight hours are at least 16 hours.
Watering must be done once a day. using a spray bottle. Watering from a watering can is not recommended, so as not to damage the still weak root system with a jet of water.
Watering should be moderate so that excess moisture does not cause fungal diseases.
It is recommended to apply top dressing for the first time 14 days after germination. In the future, top dressing must be applied every week. Fermented mullein or chicken droppings are the best feeding for tomatoes.
By the time 2 leaves appear on the seedlings, the seedlings must be transplanted into separate containers with a volume of 1 liter. The transplant must be carried out carefully, with a clod of earth from the previous place of growth, so as not to damage the not yet strengthened root system. After transplanting, the seedlings must be watered with a spray bottle..
Two weeks before planting on open beds, the seedlings must be hardened. To do this, open a window in the room for 2-3 hours for the first 2 days. The next three days, the pots with seedlings are taken out for 2-3 hours outside. All subsequent days increase the time the seedlings stay in the open air. Two days before disembarkation, the seedlings are left on the street for a day.
Planting seedlings in open ground
Seedlings are planted in open ground in the last days of May, when frosts pass. By this time, the seedlings should be 70 days old. Tomato beds should be well lit by the sun, but there should be no drafts. Water the soil with a strong solution of manganese before planting to prevent diseases.
The holes must be made at a distance of 50 cm from each other, and there must be at least 70 cm between the rows. After transplanting, the seedlings must be watered from a watering can with warm, settled water. Carry out further watering when the soil is completely dry. After watering, the soil must be loosened so that a crust does not form, which prevents the penetration of oxygen to the root system.
The bush has a large number of leaves, therefore it is recommended to pinch and form a bush in two stems. Since the stem can creep along the ground, the bush must be tied to a support to avoid contact of the fruit with the ground.
Top dressing must be applied regularly. It is recommended to fertilize Caspar tomatoes with potassium-phosphorus fertilizers. The first feeding must be made at the time of fruit setting. Each subsequent one should be carried out with an equal period of time. During the fruiting period, it is necessary to complete only four dressings.
When forming fruits, it is recommended to remove the lower ovary in order to give the bush the opportunity for full growth and development.
Diseases and pests
Caspar is exposed to diseases such as:
- top rot;
- late blight.
In case of late blight disease bushes are recommended to be treated with bardoss liquid.
Very often this variety of tomatoes attacked by aphids... To combat this pest, spraying with an ash solution or a solution of laundry soap is recommended.
- in the greenhouse - after 85-90 days;
- in open beds - in 110-120 days.
This type of tomato is used for canning as a whole, assorted vegetables and cooking vegetables in its own juice.
Due to its high yields, the Kaspar tomato has won the love of vegetable farmers, and unpretentiousness in growing and care allows even a novice gardener to grow this variety.
To the characteristics and description of the Kaspar tomato variety, we will certainly refer to a not very long ripening time. If it is greenhouse cultivation, then it is about three months, and if it is open land - a month more. In southern Russia, among lovers of summer cottages and vegetable gardens, these tomatoes are already ripening in the first summer month. And what is especially interesting - the appearance of fruits continues in the autumn.
Also, the described vegetable is fertile: one bush can give about one and a half kilograms of tomatoes, which are used in any dishes. The fruits are optimal, according to experienced summer residents and housewives, for various types of salting, drying and canning. Therefore, in our country, this variety is loved for its versatility, pleasant taste and yield, amounting to up to ten kilograms per square meter.
Description of the tomato Caspar
Tomato Caspar F1 is a determinant hybrid. Dutch breeders were engaged in its breeding. They did not manage to register the variety in the State Register of Russia. It was improved and in 2015 the Caspar 2 F1 tomato was registered. The differences between the varieties are insignificant: the first of them yields a little earlier than the second.
On the site of the creator of the variety, it is indicated that the bush can reach a maximum of 0.5 m in height, in practice it most often grows above 0.8 m.The record height of the plant is 1.4 m.
This type of tomato is characterized by the presence of a large number of leaves. Large foliage is colored bright green. The tomato has a thick and sturdy stem that can withstand a large amount of harvest.
The inflorescence of the variety is simple. It appears above the eighth leaf, and then alternates through each one or two leaves. The inflorescences of Kaspar tomatoes have a rich yellow color.
The tomato of this variety is early maturing. Vegetables ripen approximately 3 months after the first shoots appear.
Description of fruits
According to the description of the variety, Caspar F1 tomatoes have an elongated cylindrical shape, like sweet bell peppers. The vegetables are quite dense. Their weight can vary between 90-120 g.
Young tomatoes are light green in color, which turns into a bright red during the development of the plant. The fruits are characterized by a thick and dense skin, which allows them to be stored for a long time and transported over long distances.
Caspar tomatoes are small-chamber. They have 2 or 3 slots. Tomatoes have a pleasant taste and aroma. They have a slight sourness.
A very prolific variety for farmers who want to get the maximum amount of fruit in a limited land area. From one square meter of soil, you can collect about 10 kg of juicy fruits, which will tolerate almost any transportation well, will not crack or wither in a short time. An ideal choice for preservation, but when preparing dishes from raw tomatoes, it is better to remove the dense skin, without which the dense, fleshy fruit does not disintegrate, but will still retain its shape.
The tomato hybrid Kaspar can be called medium early, since it takes about 95-115 days from germination to the appearance of the first ripe fruits. In principle, it can mature even in the open ground of the northern regions, mainly due to more light, due to long days and short nights.
The hybrid has good resistance to fusarium and verticillium wilt. It is unstable to phytophthora, but here it can be saved by the fact that the fruits, due to early ripening, will have time to turn red before the widespread spread of this disease, which usually begins with nighttime cold snaps and rains, and falls around August.
The yield of the Kaspar hybrid is also very good, especially for early varieties - up to 10 kg of tomatoes per square meter.
The shape of the fruit of the Kaspar tomato is rather unconventional: it is elongated, almost cylindrical, with a characteristic spout at the end, slightly reminiscent of sweet peppers.
Fruits at the stage of technical maturity are light green in color, they can already be harvested. They ripen well in indoor conditions. The color of a fully ripe tomato is red-orange.
Medium-sized fruits, from 85 to 120 grams. They have few seed chambers, about 2-3.
The skin of tomatoes is very dense, and even slightly rough. For the use of tomatoes in salads, it is advisable to remove it. Moreover, it is removed very easily. The pulp is also firm and fleshy. The fruits contain an increased amount of dry substances, including sugars.
Due to these properties, the Caspar tomato is indispensable for canning tomatoes in general. Interestingly, they do not change their shape, even when cut into slices during canning.
The fruits are absolutely not susceptible to cracking, neither from moisture on the bushes, nor during heat treatment.
The taste is good enough, it can be suitable for salads, but it is used mainly for canning tomatoes in its own juice.
The safety of the fruits is also at a high level, it is quite subject to transportation over long distances.
How to plant properly in open ground
The future harvest of vegetables depends on the choice of a place for planting tomatoes and compliance with the timing of planting work.
Tomatoes of the Kaspar variety love sunny, dry, flat areas, not blown by drafts and the north wind.
The groundwater level is allowed at a level of at least 1.5 meters from the soil surface. Otherwise, the plants will start to rot and die.
The timing of planting seedlings in open ground depends on the weather and climatic characteristics of the growing region.
In the south, planting is planned for mid-May. In temperate latitudes, seedling transfer measures are carried out in early June, as soon as the soil warms up to a temperature of +16 degrees.
If Kaspar tomatoes are planned to be grown in a greenhouse, then the seedlings are transferred 2-3 weeks earlier to open ground.
The soil for transplanting tomatoes is prepared in the fall. The soil is dug up, mixed with humus, peat and mineral fertilizers, thoroughly loosened. If the soil contains a lot of acids, then it is lime.
- In the spring, the site is loosened again, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are added to the soil.
- On the prepared bed, planting holes are dug 35-40 centimeters deep and wide.
- A support peg is driven into each hole.
- A drainage layer of fine gravel is laid out at the bottom of the planting hole, fertile soil is poured on top.
- 1 bush of seedlings is transferred to each hole, carefully removing it from the container along with a lump of earth.
- The plant is buried with earth and watered abundantly, after which it is tied to a support.
- After the end of planting work, the beds with tomatoes are mulched with compost or dry grass.
Campari F 1 forms healthy and small fruits weighing up to 50 grams, which will delight every tomato lover with their taste.
Campari tomatoes produce natural sugars in large quantities. They also contain a high percentage of lycopene, which has a beneficial effect on the prevention of cancer.
This variety can preserve youth and maintain health for years to come.